South Central Kalimantan: Promoting conservation and sustainable management of lowland forests
The Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve, covering an area of about 76,110ha, was designated as a conservation area by the Minister of Forestry in 1998. It is one of the few release sites for rehabilitated orangutans in Indonesia. In 2007, the Lamandau Ecosystem Conservation Partnership was established with funds made available by the European Union (EU), the Orangutan Foundation (OF-UK) and the Australian Orangutan Project (AOP). The general aim of this project is to maintain the tropical forests of the Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve and surrounding forests as a functioning tropical forest ecosystem.
To achieve the project aim, several actions are being taken including: improving the protection of the Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve from illegal activities; improving the education and awareness of communities around the Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve on the importance of conserving forests; facilitating efforts to increase the economy of communities around the Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve in a sustainable manner; and reforestation of Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve to improve its capacity as a conservation area.
One of the main focus areas has been to increase reforestation of degraded land areas in the Reserve. This is vital to ensure that the current population of orangutans and other wildlife will continue to have a steady supply of natural food resources. At present, two nurseries have been set up and at least twenty different indigenous plant species are currently being nurtured at the nurseries. Seedlings are sourced by local villagers, and this in turn ensures an alternative livelihood for communities that are able to provide seedlings for the project. Part of the reforestation process includes planting boundary markers (i.e. betel palm, or pinang species) to identify the boundary of the Reserve.
Nursery at Post Danau Burung
Nursery worker at one of the seedling nurseries